has been studied as a historical record of the country under the regime of President Justo Rufino Barrios (1835-1885) and his “progressive” allies, who encouraged the coffee monoculture grown for export, a policy detrimental to the indigenous peoples and their traditional way of life. In addition to general historical research, scholars have also consulted the Athenæum’s albums for specialized interests such as architecture, earthquakes, costume and textiles, as well as coffee production.It is bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia (in South America) to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half of the country's 4 million people.
The best-known version is that a fishing village and its nearby beach bore the name "Panamá", which meant "an abundance of fish".In February 1875, Eadweard Muybridge boarded a Pacific Mail Steamship Company vessel in San Francisco bound for Central America, where he would photograph the localities served by the company’s freight and passenger business.Muybridge was no stranger to such assignments, and the expectation was that the photographs, “judiciously distributed” and exhibited at international expositions, would encourage tourism and inspire the investment of those who perceived opportunity in the magnificent landscapes presented. Muybridge traveled in Central America for about nine months.Muybridge made a number of albums for presentation to the appropriate people.Those that survive in California institutions carry the title . Presentation copies were given to the Pacific Mail Steamship Company and Mrs.