It was designed by Odo of Metz, who modeled it after the Byzantine-style church of San Vitale (consecrated 547) in Ravenna, Italy.
The most important surviving examples of Carolingian architecture are exhibited in the chapel.
Jessica Gadsden was born on November 29, 1981, so that makes her age 35.
Just like her husband, Gadsden is originally from South Carolina.
The cathedral was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1978.
It can be regarded as a political institution, or approached from the point of view of political theory, or treated in the context of the history of Italy, though clearly they are interrelated.
Despite these anomalies and others, the empire, at least in the Middle Ages, was by common assent, along with the papacy, the most important institution of western Europe.
Theologians, lawyers, popes, ecclesiastics, rulers, rebels like Arnold of Brescia and Cola di Rienzo, literary figures like Dante and Petrarch, and the practical men, members of the high nobility, on whom the emperors relied for support, all saw the empire in a different light and had their own ideas of its origin, function, and justification.
It is also important to distinguish between the universalist and localist conceptions of the empire, which have been the source of considerable controversy among historians.
According to the former, the empire was a universal monarchy, a “commonwealth of the whole world, whose sublime unity transcended every minor distinction”; and the emperor “was entitled to the obedience of Christendom.” According to the latter, the emperor had no ambition for universal dominion; his policy was limited in the same way as that of every other ruler, and when he made more far-reaching claims his object was normally to ward off the attacks either of the pope or of the Byzantine emperor.