In terms of chemistry, we can say that these twins are like isotopes of each other.Atoms and elements are made of protons, neutrons and electrons.As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 70,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.These isotopes do not pose dangerous effects to living things, like radioactive isotopes.They are typically useful when performing experiments in the environment and in the field of geochemistry.There are two main types of isotopes, and these are radioactive isotopes and stable isotopes.Stable isotopes have a stable combination of protons and neutrons, so they have stable nuclei and do not undergo decay.
For instance, in the food industry, the food we eat undergoes a process called food irradiation, where it is exposed to gamma rays. In medicine, radioactive isotopes emit gamma rays to help detect tumors.
Looking at the percentages below each carbon isotope, we see that almost 98.9% of the carbon that is found is in the form of carbon-12.
The least abundant form of carbon is carbon-14, with an abundance of less than 0.0001%.
Anthropogenic isotopes are man-made or result from human activities, such as testing weapons and processing nuclear fuels.
These isotopes are useful in the fields of oceanography and hydrology since they can be used to study flow, currents and sedimentation rates.